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  • Sunday, April 1, 2012

    Video – 9L5MS Dxpedition

    More about Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone Listeni/sˌɛrə lˈn/ (KrioSalone), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered byGuinea to the north and east, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west and southwest. Sierra Leone covers a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)[2] and has an estimated population of 6.3 million.[3][4][5] It was a colony under the auspices of theSierra Leone Company from March 11, 1792 until it became a British colony in 1808. Sierra Leone has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests.[6] Freetown is the capital, largest city as well as its economic, educational, cultural and financial center. The second largest city is Bo. Other major cities are Kenema,Makeni and Koidu Town. Sierra Leone is divided into four geographical regions: the Northern ProvinceEastern ProvinceSouthern Province and the Western Area; which are subdivided into fourteen districts. The districts have their own directly elected local government known as district council, headed by a council chairman. The country's six municipalities of Freetown, Bo, Kenema, Makeni, Koidu Town and thecoastal town of Bonthe have their own directly elected city councils headed by mayors. Sierra Leone is a constitutional representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both the head of state and the head of governmentLegislative power is vested by the House of Parliament of Sierra Leone. The Judiciary of Sierra Leone is independent of the executive and the legislative and is headed by the Supreme Court. Since Independence in 1961 to present, Sierra Leone's politicshave been dominated by two major political parties: the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) and the All People's Congress(APC).[7][8] Other political parties have also existed throughout but with no significant supports. The country has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. It is among the top diamond producing nations in the world, and mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner. Sierra Leone is also among the largest producers of titanium andbauxite, and a major producer of gold. The country has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile. Sierra Leone is also home to the third largest natural harbour in the world where shipping from all over the globe berth at Freetown's famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay. Despite this natural wealth, 70% of its people live in poverty.[9] Sierra Leone is a predominantly Muslim country, though with an influential Christian minority. Sierra Leone is ranked as one of the most religiously tolerant nations in the world.[10][11][12] People are often married across ethnic and religious boundaries. Muslims and Christians collaborate and interact with each other peacefully.[10] Religious violence is very rare in the country. The population of Sierra Leone comprises of sixteen ethnic groups, each with its own language and custom. The two largest and most influential are the Mende and Temne. The two are about equal in numbers and each comprises just over 30% of the population [8]. The Mende are predominantly found in South-Eastern Sierra Leone; the Temne likewise predominate in Northern Sierra Leone. Although English is the language of instruction in schools and the official language in government administration, the Krio language(derived from English and several indigenous African languages) is the primary language of communication among Sierra Leone's different ethnic groups, and is spoken by 95% of the country's population. [5] The Krio Language unites all the different ethnic groups, especially in their trade and interaction with each other.[13]   More at Wikepedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sierra_Leone